A Design Pattern Language to Assist the Design of Alarm Visualizations for Operating Control Systems
Within his area of responsibility and authority, the human operator needs to comprehend sets of incoming alarms displayed by alarm displays. Based on these displays, he would like to explore the overall alarm information space according to different alarm dimensions such as typology, priority, or location.
The human operator needs to explore the overall alarm information space according to different alarm dimensions in order to diagnose the cause of a failure in the controlled process.
Use a standard display hierarchy to present the multi-level views necessary for exploring alarm information. These levels follow an expected progression from the general to the more detailed in order to aid the operator in performing different tasks. A single first level can be associated with several secondary levels. Each secondary level can only be associated therefore with a single first level.
A display hierarchy delivers a robust structure that encourages ready access to information while at the same time keeping important situation context and promoting efficient navigation to go deeper (Rothenberg, D. H. (2009). Alarm management for process control: A best-practice guide for design, implementation, and use of industrial alarm systems McGraw-Hill Education.)